An official website of the United States government
Here's how you know
A .mil website belongs to an official U.S. Department of Defense organization in the United States.
A lock (lock ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .mil website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Air Force ROTC cadet pursues dream career as pilot, uses height waiver process

  • Published
  • By Jennifer Gonzalez
  • Air Education and Training Command Public Affairs

JOINT BASE SAN ANTONIO-RANDOLPH, Texas – Ever since Mary Tighe, 21-year-old from New York, was a child, she dreamt of following in her father’s and grandfather’s footsteps to become an Air Force pilot.

Even though women have been Air Force pilots since the 1970s, Tighe’s 5 feet 1 inch stature could have stood in her way. Tighe, however, never thought of the 5-foot-4-inch height standard as an eliminating factor, merely an obstacle.

"If you are really dedicated, you will go out and do it, no matter what stands in your way,” said Tighe.  “Don’t let the first person who tells you ‘no you can’t do it’ stop you. I’ve had multiple people tell me no.”

Tighe is scheduled to graduate from Benedictine College in Atchison, Kansas, in spring of 2020, and is a member of Reserve Officer Training Corps Detachment 280 at the University of Kansas in Lawrence. Her dream career was to become a search and rescue pilot, but it came as no surprise to Tighe when she tracked instead to become a remotely piloted aircraft (RPA) pilot. 

“Due to my height, I knew I would track for either RPA or air battle manager. I also knew that there is a waiver for everything in the Air Force and if I continued to work hard I still might qualify,” Tighe said.

During her initial flying class I physical exam over the summer at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, Tighe knew to immediately ask for a height waiver. 

Unlike manned pilots, there are no height requirements to be an RPA pilot. Candidates who are selected to become manned pilots and do not meet anthropometric standards during their class I physical are automatically placed into the waiver process. 

Using software, Tighe’s height and anthropometric measurements were then matched with the requirements of operational and training airframes.

Tighe’s height safely matched a number of operational airframes, but didn’t align with the measurements needed to fly the T-1A Jayhawk, one of Air Education and Training Command’s trainer aircraft.

“Roughly two-thirds of student pilots will fly the T-1,” said Maj. Gen. Craig Wills 19th Air Force commander. “While the T-1 is a very successful trainer, it unfortunately is one of the most restrictive aircraft we have from an anthropometric perspective.  We’re absolutely committed to ensuring we’ve given each candidate a thorough look, so if the T-1 is the issue, we bring applicants to Randolph and assess them in the actual cockpit.”

T-1A cockpit assessments are accomplished with a pilot candidate and a three-person team that includes representatives from the AETC surgeon general’s office and 19th Air Force, plus an instructor pilot. Tighe travelled to JBSA-Randolph for her cockpit assessment Nov. 15.

“It is cool being in the T-1 cockpit and thinking that this could be what I would be doing in the future,” said Tighe after the assessment.

During the assessment, the team evaluates the candidate in the cockpit to ensure adequate sight lines and safe operation of all flight controls.  If needed, a T-1A specific seat cushion is used to assist candidates with line of sight issues.

“We have a robust system in place to determine whether applicants of all sizes can safely operate our assigned aircraft,” said Wills.  “We don’t want to turn an otherwise qualified candidate away until we’ve exhausted all reasonable options. Ultimately though, the safety of our Airmen is paramount.”

Despite being three inches from the standard height requirement, Tighe’s cockpit assessment showed she could safely operate the T-1.

“Even if I don’t get my dream job, I will still be able to fly and in the end that is all that matters,” Tighe said. 

Tighe’s waiver will be approved by the 19th Air Force commander.